Taraxacum officinale

Sound: Piano Moment by bensound.com



– Wirkt harntreibend
– Gegen Blähungen und Völlegefühl
– Antibakteriell und Entzündungshemmend
– Entfernt Giftstoffe
– Stärkt Nieren, Leber, Bauchspeicheldrüse, Milz, Darm, Magen
– Lindert Juckreiz bei Insektenstichen
– Wird in der Krebstherapie erforscht

Enthält pro 100g:

– 590mg K
– 23mg Mg
– 115mg Vitamin C
– 50mg Ca

Kopfsalat pro 100g im Vergleich:

– 202mg K
– 11mg Mg
– 13 mg Vitamin C
– 37mg Ca

Täglicher Bedarf:

– 3000-4000mg K
– 300-400mg Mg
– 100mg Vitami C
– 800mg Ca

Verwendung in der Küche:

Als Salat, Gemüse, Suppe, Smoothies, Tee, Honig, Kaffee…



Steffen Guido Fleischhauer, «Enzyklopädie der essbaren Wildpflanzen», S.11, 12, 334, AT Verlag Aarau und München, 2003


  • Menghini L et al., Antiproliferative, protective and antioxidant effects of artichoke, dandelion, turmeric and rosemary extracts and their formulation, Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2010 Apr-Jun;23(2):601-10
  • Park CM et al., Amelioration of oxidative stress by dandelion extract through CYP2E1 suppression against acute liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride in Sprague-Dawley rats, Phytother Res. 2010 Sep;24(9):1347-53
  • Sigstedt SC et al., Evaluation of aqueous extracts of Taraxacum officinale on growth and invasion of breast and prostate cancer cells, Int J Oncol. 2008 May;32(5):1085-90
  • Jiang J et al., Suppression of growth and invasive behavior of human prostate cancer cells by ProstaCaid: mechanism of activity, Int J Oncol. 2011 Jun;38(6):1675-82
  • Ovadje P et al., Selective induction of apoptosis through activation of caspase-8 in human leukemia cells (Jurkat) by dandelion root extract, J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Jan 7;133(1):86-91. Epub 2010 Sep 16
  • Chatterjee SJ et al., The efficacy of dandelion root extract in inducing apoptosis in drug-resistant human melanoma cells, Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2011;2011:129045. Epub 2010 Dec 30
  • Hata K, Ishikawa K, Hori K, Konishi T, Differentiation-inducing activity of lupeol, a lupane-type triterpene from Chinese dandelion root (Hokouei-kon), on a mouse melanoma cell line.Biol Pharm.Bull.2000
  • Ovadje P, Chochkeh M, Akbari-Asl P, et al, Selective induction of apoptosis and autophagy through treatment with dandelion root extract in human pancreatic cancer cells, Pancreas
  • Ovadje P, Ammar S, Guerrero JA, et al.Dandelion root extract affects colorectal cancer proliferation and survival through the activation of multiple death signalling pathways.Oncotarget., 2016, August
  • Ovadje P, Hamm C, Pandey S.Efficient induction of extrinsic cell death by dandelion root extract in human chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) cells, PLoS One, 2012
  • Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2002
  • Bensky D, Gamble A. Chinese Herbal Medicine, Materia Medica. Seattle: Eastland Press, Inc, 1993
  • (1)Clare BA et al, The diuretic effect in human subjects of an extract of Taraxacum officinale folium over a single day., Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 2009 Aug;15(8):929-34
  • Cho AS et al, Chlorogenic acid exhibits anti-obesity property and improves lipid metabolism in high-fat diet-induced-obese mice., Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2010 Mar;48(3):937-43
  • Koh YJ et al, Anti-inflammatory effect of Taraxacum officinale leaves on lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory responses in RAW 264.7 cells., Journal of Medicinal Food, 2010 Aug;13(4):870-8
  • Park CM et al, TOP 1 and 2, polysaccharides from Taraxacum officinale, inhibit NFκB-mediated inflammation and accelerate Nrf2-induced antioxidative potential through the modulation of PI3K-Akt signaling pathway in RAW 264.7 cells., Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2014 Apr;66:56-64
  • Ma C et al, Anti-inflammatory effects of water extract of Taraxacum mongolicum hand.-Mazz on lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in acute lung injury by suppressing PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway., Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2015 Jun 20;168:349-55
  • He W et al, Anti-influenza virus effect of aqueous extracts from dandelion, Virology Journal, 2010
  • Jin YR et al, The effect of Taraxacum officinale on gastric emptying and smooth muscle motility in Rodents., Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 2011 Aug;23(8):766-e333
  • Colle D et al, Antioxidant properties of Taraxacum officinale leaf extract are involved in the protective effect against hepatoxicity induced by acetaminophen in mice., Journal of Medicinal Food, 2012 Jun;15(6):549-56
  • Davaatseren M et al, Taraxacum official (dandelion) leaf extract alleviates high-fat diet-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver., Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2013 Aug;58:30-6.
  • Jia YY et al, Taraxacum mongolicum extract exhibits a protective effect on hepatocytes and an antiviral effect against hepatitis B virus in animal and human cells., Molecular Medicine Reports, 2014 Apr;9(4):1381-7
  • González-Castejón M et al, Diverse biological activities of dandelion., Nutrition Reviews, 2012 Sep;70(9):534-47
  • Ovadie P et al, Selective induction of apoptosis and autophagy through treatment with dandelion root extract in human pancreatic cancer cells., Pancreas, 2012 Oct;41(7):1039-47
  • Ovadie P et al, Dandelion root extract affects colorectal cancer proliferation and survival through the activation of multiple death signalling pathways., Oncotarget, 2016 Nov 8;7(45):73080-73100
  • Kenny O et al, Characterisation of antimicrobial extracts from dandelion root (Taraxacum officinale) using LC-SPE-NMR., Phytotherapy Research, 2015 Apr;29(4):526-32.
  • Diaz K et al, Isolation and Identification of Compounds from Bioactive Extracts of Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wigg. (Dandelion) as a Potential Source of Antibacterial Agents., Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2018 Jan 1;2018:2706417.
  • Cho JW et al, Skin Hydration and Collagen Synthesis of AF-343 in HS68 Cell Line and NC/Nga Mice by Filaggrin Expression and Suppression of Matrix Metallopreteinase, Toxicology Research, 2011 Dec; 27(4): 225–229.
  • Warashina T et al, Constituents from the roots of Taraxacum platycarpum and their effect on proliferation of human skin fibroblasts., Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 2012;60(2):205-12
  • Yang Y et al, Dandelion Extracts Protect Human Skin Fibroblasts from UVB Damage and Cellular Senescence., Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2015;2015:619560
  • Wirngo FE et al, The Physiological Effects of Dandelion (Taraxacum Officinale) in Type 2 Diabetes, Journal of the Society for Biomedical Diabetes Research, 2016; 13(2-3): 113–131
  • Jędrejek D et al, Evaluation of antioxidant activity of phenolic fractions from the leaves and petals of dandelion in human plasma treated with H2O2 and H2O2/Fe., Chemico-biological interactions, 2017 Jan 25;262:29-37
  • Lis B et al, Assessment of effects of phenolic fractions from leaves and petals of dandelion in selected components of hemostasis., Food Research International, 2018 May;107:605-612
  • Jedrejek D et al, Comparative phytochemical, cytotoxicity, antioxidant and haemostatic studies of Taraxacum officinale root preparations., Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2019 Apr;126:233-247
  • Liu Q et al, Effects of Dandelion Extract on the Proliferation of Rat Skeletal Muscle Cells and the Inhibition of a Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammatory Reaction, Chinese Medical Journal, 2018 Jul 20; 131(14): 1724–1731